What do people say about digital reading?
• “I now have totally lost the ability to read and absorb a longish article on the web or in print ”
• People in general, and young people in particular, are doing more screen reading of digital materials than ever before.
• The decreased reading of print books and of literary genres (novel, plays, and poems)
• Reading skills (such as the ability to identify themes, draw inferences, etc.) are declining too.
• Digital devices prevent people from e ciently navigating long texts, which may subtly inhibit reading comprehension.
What’s the differences between paper reading and digital reading:
|Reading on Papers||Digital Reading|
|The brain regards letters and words as physical objects, and perceive a text in its entirety as a kind of physical landscape. Papers provide brains with such sense of location and landscapes.||Screens may inhibit comprehension by preventing people from intuitively navigating and mentally mapping long texts. (locate)|
|Paper is easier to read for eyes.||Screen results in higher levels of stress and tiredness.(displace)|
|Reading on papers results in more efforts made from readers, which brings higher concentration and memory of the content.||When reading on screens, individuals seem less inclined to engage in metacognitive learning regulation setting specific goals, rereading difficult sections and checking how much one has understood along the way.(efforts)|
|More long-term memory; less working memory.||More working memory; less long-term memory.|
|Our brain is more familiar with literary reading.||Hyper reading tends to affect brain’s structure, making it harder to concentrate: a media-induced state of distraction.|
||Reading online requires several practices:
What should we do?
• Understand the differences between reading on paper and reading on screens, and know how to cope with them differently.
• Combine close reading, hyperreading and machine reading.
• We have to teach our minds how to translate the symbolic characters we see into the language we understand.